The 4th Way to Plan for Diverse Learners

          Differentiation is…

more than a passion or calling in working with students of all ages. For me, it’s simply a necessity, like breathing. If life-long learning is to be what everyone does with care and thoughtful reflection, then differentiation experiences should happen early and frequent throughout one’s education.

I wrote an article for Edutopia, “3 Ways to Plan for Diverse Learners: What Teachers Do”, with a desire to show teachers that they do “do” differentiation. Meeting learner needs happens. I presented a structure based on language introduced by Carol Tomlinson and Susan Allan (ASCD) around the turn of this century.

The language, as I call it–the 6 Elements of Differentiation, is important for having dialog on how best to plan instruction that meets students’ needs (Content, Process, & Products), and includes student voice in the process (Readiness, Interests, & Learning Preferences). The article is one of many that I wrote, which seem to inspire much dialog and sharing of ideas through social media. It’s great to engage in dialog about Differentiation as something we just do, need to do. Instruction in this form is no longer a dream, but reality.

As teachers and other educators deepen their understanding of Differentiation, there are levels of implementation that go beyond the basics of knowing the six elements. Like a gamer, a martial artists, or someone earning multiple university degrees, there is complexity with where we can aspire to differentiate for learners (Chapter 5 of So All Can Learn).   The 1st three ways provide the foundation for stronger instructional practices and learning engagement.

         There is a 4th Way…

Learner Agency, based on developing and encouraging student voice. In So All Can Learn: A Practical Guide to Differentiation, four chapters—almost half the book—are dedicated to understanding and coaching agency through student voice. Readiness, Interests, and Learning Preferences are how students determine if the instructional experience is inviting. Including students in learning construction based on these three elements sends a message that their thoughts and ideas matter.

It’s easy to get started in this process. Here are a few starting places:

  • Interest Surveys
  • Learning Profile Cards
  • Student interviews and focus groups
  • Journal entries like #IWishMyTeacherKnew on Twitter and Facebook

Based on the learning outcome that students must gain from the lesson, make instructional planning decisions using the information learned about students based on their Readiness, Interests, and Learning Preferences. The information should influence the Content delivered, Processing experiences (how students check for understanding and make sense of the content), and the product options that students choose or design themselves to demonstrate the learning outcomes.

Differentiation happens in the ways that teachers adjust based on how students “react” to the lesson that’s in progress—Intuitive Differentiation. More effective Differentiation happen when teachers anticipate student needs during the lesson planning prior to implementation—Intentional Differentiation. Higher levels of Differentiation occur when students become active co-planners with teachers during planning and implementation—Collaborative Differentiation.

Learn more from the chapters and reflection questions found in the book, So All Can Learn: A Practical Guide to Differentiation by John McCarthy, EdS.

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So All Can Learn – Preorders Available

So All Can Learn: A practical guide to Differentiation

Launch Date: February 28

Pre-orders Available:

R&L and Amazon

Teaching to all learners feels like an enormous challenge. Add obstacles such as class size, time, and top down mandates, and it’s not surprising that teachers may succumb to the temptation to just survive.

The reality is that all of those obstacles are very real, and can get in the way of what is needed for students. But, what is also true is that those obstacles impede teaching and learning, not Differentiation itself. Without Differentiation, the problems remain for “teaching” and “learning”.

Differentiation is a lens and a toolkit of processes that help teachers meet the needs of all students, and overcome the obstacles that threaten learning.

Here are some of my articles that provide approaches to tackle these obstacles, while you await your preorder 😉 of So All Can Learn: A practical guide to Differentiation, which provides more in-depth answers and guidance for addressing how to effectively and efficiently teach So All Can Learn.

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Gamification – Learning can be fun

In an an article I wrote for Edutopia, “Gamifying Your Class to Meet the Needs of All Learners,” I talk about elements for gamification that can help differentiate for student learning. Here are resources as referenced from the article as well as other references.

Edutopia article referencesshutterstock_113583727

  • Leveling Up Guide (pdfdoc)
    This guide offers students a chart for experience points needed to move up in levels. Certain levels (5, 8, and 10) are Boss levels. Exams and performance tasks are the “Bosses” that students must overcome to earn the related level.
  • Gamification Player’s Sheet (pdfexcelgDoc)
    The spread sheet is used by students to calculate their experience points. Experience earned is based on what the teacher awards and the additional work and contributions they have done. Students keep track of their own player sheet so that the teacher saves time on the logistics of keeping score. Another option is that the teacher keeps track for everyone.

Other References

The EdCamp Experience: Where Voice and Choice Matter

Guest Blogger: Cathy Hill

Lake Travis Independent School District


“We want to do something that is cross-curricular that all the 5th grade teachers [on this campus] can participate in. We want to try something new where students truly have a voice in how they learn.”

Kathy Austrian, 5th grade teacher at Serene Hills Elementary in Lake Travis ISD, made this statement while I met with her and teammate Amanda Reedy. Both have been part of our NextGen program this year—a program that gives support to teachers willing to try new strategies in their classrooms. I am the instructional coach that worked with them. Neither had any idea what to do to bring this to fruition…nor did I.

An online article describing a teacher who had done an EdCamp in his classroom provided inspiration (Seliskar, 2014). Although we agreed that this idea could work, we also knew we needed more structure. The 5th grade class had almost 180 students and seven teachers. What would EdCamp look like when implemented on this scale?

Kathy and Amanda began to raise awareness with their team about the concept of EdCamp. All the teachers were receptive, but the vision of how to implement this on a daily basis over a two-week period was still unclear; successful execution rested on Kathy and Amanda bringing it into focus. They started with a definition of and reasons for providing an EdCamp experience for students; then, they developed a theme (“Share Your Passion”) and a driving question (“How will you inspire others?”). To provide consistency among the seven classrooms, they clearly outlined daily activities with period by period instructions, video links, questions, and major points. They acknowledged that, as the process evolved, changes would likely occur, and they remained open to suggestions from their teammates regarding design, potential problems, and possible solutions.

Setting the stage for the students was a priority. Day 1, students arrived to butcher-papered hallways proclaiming, “What do you want to learn? Bring your passion! Bring your voice!” Students brainstormed topics they would like to learn about, writing on sticky notes and posting on the butcher paper. The hallway on Day 2 boasted the caption, “What will you teach? How will you inspire? Share your passion!” Students learned about different personality types and identifying strengths. This again led to discussions about passions, why people have different ones, and how to pursue them.

The remaining days leading to EdCamp included a variety of learning experiences. Students wrote proposals that included learning outcomes, identified materials needed (technology, props, etc.), and outlined presentations with time limits for each section. They learned about asking questions that prompt higher-order thinking and about facilitating discussion. They also practiced some classroom management skills to regain the attention of their audience, if needed. In the two days prior to EdCamp, students had the opportunity to practice their presentations, receiving feedback from the teacher and students in their classroom.

Throughout this time, Kathy and Amanda continued to provide daily agendas. With help from their team, they organized the sessions, reserved classrooms, and prepared sign-up sheets. There would be eighty-five presentations—eighty-five shared passions—in ten classrooms. Sessions were color-coded according to category (technology, arts and crafts, etc.) and enrollment in each was limited to twenty students so that all would have attendees. Students eagerly awaited the day before EdCamp when they would be able to sign up for the nine 15-minute sessions they would attend.

The day of EdCamp arrived, and a banner proclaiming, “edcamp – Where Voice and Choice Matter” greeted the excited students. Young presenters shared passions such as Creating Harry Potter Potions, Mysteries of the Deep, Channeling Your Inner You Tube, Advanced Bicycles, Bonjour-Learn about France, Tricky to Please-Architecture and Design, Flippin’ Fun Gymnastics, Flowering Photography, Personal Finance and Business, Oncology, The Cupcake Fanatic, 3-D Printing, Acting with a Twist, and many other topics. Quiet students came alive when talking about their passions. Inclusion students shared their passions and received high praise from their peers. Students learned about themselves and others, about interests and strengths that were previously unrecognized. Teachers were simultaneously exhausted and exhilarated. Students were given voice and choice—and it was incredible.

EdCamp was a concept that started small…just a couple of teachers wanting to do something out of the ordinary. It spread to a team of teachers who were willing to trust each other and take a risk for their students. It further encompassed 180 normal students, transforming them into enthusiastic learners/presenters who flourished in the freedom to study and share their passions. For all involved, EdCamp provided an extraordinary learning experience.


Seliskar, Jason. (2014, January 9). An Elementary Edcamp-An Unconference for Students.

Getting Smart. Retrieved from


New Book: So All Can Learn – A Practical Guide to Differentiation


Ishutterstock_174221555t’s been a crazy, busy summer. But the work has paid off as I’ve completed the work on my new book, which comes out in February 2017:

So All Can Learn – A Practical Guide to Differentiation

by John McCarthy

Published by Rowman & Littlefield

Register for news of when pre-orders go live,
and other news related to this innovative book.

“So All Can Learn” is one of the few that connects teaching pedagogy with practical means to implement differentiation. Over the years, I’ve received many questions about what is differentiation, how do you actually implement in a meaningful way, and how do you address the obstacles for differentiation to happen. The answers will be found in this book 🙂

  • Guide for understanding the “Why” and “How” of effective differentiation
  • Strategies for improving the learner experience
  • Examples and case studies to help educators transform practice
  • Reflective questions for study groups and coaches of groups to ground their learning
  • Addressing answers to the common obstacles that teachers express for differentiation to occur

Subscribe for Updates about the book

In the next several months, I will send updates regarding where and when to pre-order the book, as well as when the companion website is available: Subscribe for email updates using the form on this website.

Follow me on Twitter: @JMcCarthyEdS. Get the updates as they come.

Learning through Pokemon Go – 15+ Resources


When Pokemon Go launched it created quite a buzz that continues to resonate. As an extension to my article, Pokemon Go… and Global Success Skills? via Edutopia, here are some resources to learn more about the game itself and possible uses for publication and other Authentic Learning Experiences for students. I’ll be adding to this list periodically.


  1. Pokemon Go Wiki Guide by IGN
  2. Pokemon FAQ on Polygon
  3. Ten Things I Wish I Knew When I Started ‘Pokémon GO’
  4. Beginner’s guide: How to play Pokémon Go!
  5. Pokemon Go Beginner’s Guide
  6. The Ultimate Guide to Pokemon Go
  7. How to Use a Pokemon GO Lure Module
  8. Pokémon Go players can now submit PokéStop, gym location requests
  9. Pokemon Go site
  10. Visual guide by Tech Insider
  11. Background history about Pokemon Go (Wikipedia)

* * *

IMG_7951Take a position on these issues and activities:

* * *

Examples of published content by professionals that students could do:

Student Learning Wall Guide: Empowering Student Voice

Checkout ALE/PBL Guide

2016-03-16 08.19.52

Entering most classrooms, there is information about the learning outcomes and assignments posted. The purpose is to let students know what is the focus and follow up work that is connected. This information is like the billboards along the highways. People drive by without paying attention to the signs that become lost in the scenery background. There have been initiatives to use such “billboards” to help teachers structure the work for students. Some initiatives include the Blackboard Configuration by Dr. Marilyn Monroe, Bell work, and the Project Wall used with Project-Based Learning. These different approaches have mixed results because they tend to address what teachers need to do with students, instead of how to support student learning. The key to turning these tools into more consistent success if to re-frame the purpose.

Make Instruction Transparent for Students

For innovative practices like Authentic Learning Experiences, PBL, Design Thinking, and STEM/STEAM, it’s important to bring learners inside the instructional circle. This is the traditional space of teachers. It’s like learning the magic tricks of the magicians. This approach may put magicians out of business, whereas the work of teachers improves and elevates in quality because students understand what’s behind the wizard’s curtain.

Students need to know the focus and outcomes so that they feel comfortable about the journey. I remember in both undergrad and graduate courses watching the professor enter the room and start to lecture. Every student promptly took notes on what was said. I’d struggle trying to figure out the big focus and outcomes. Most times I did not figure out the purpose until later while puzzling through the notes. Yet, at staff meetings, there was usually an agenda that helped me understand the purpose and outcomes to be accomplished. Churches, theaters, and graduations provide a program that shares the purposes and activities to take place. When this transparency of operations happens in units and lessons, students reap the benefits.

Student Learning Wall Guide Chart image

Student Learning Wall Guide Components

  1. Driving Question
  2. Unit Outcomes
  3. Lesson Outcomes
  4. Need to Know List
  5. Calendar
  6. Anchor Charts: Focused Global Success Skill(s)
  7. Checklists, Rubrics, & Key Products/Tasks

The components serve the dual purpose of communicating important information to students and helps include them in internalizing the big picture of the unit and the focus needs of the focused lesson. Most of these items should be visibly positioned where the teacher tends to begin instruction. Placing the only copy at the back of the room makes the item unimportant to students. Out of sight, out of mind. When the items are addressed by teachers on a regular basis—some daily, others weekly—sends a message of value. What gets monitored gets done.

Driving Question

The Driving question should be banner size so that students see it from anywhere in the room. The teachers relate the question to that day’s learning outcome and/or standard. This important sound byte reminds students of how the current lesson connects to the big picture of the unit. Sometimes, the driving question is addressed near the end of the lesson as formative assessment. Ask students how the lesson’s learning outcome relates to the driving question. A result of doing this daily is that students understand the major focus of the work. A byproduct is that students communicate better at home about their work. They can discuss their day with details of the work, instead of answer the question: “What did you do today?” with “nothing” or “stuff.” Being able and willing to tell about their learning journey reassures parents and families of the productive things taking place at school.

References on Driving Questions

Unit Outcomes

List the standards that are being taught, coached, and assessed during the course of the unit near the location of the Driving Question. This list gives students and guest a broad understanding of the depth of the learning taking place. When first introducing a standard into a lesson, refer to it from the list. This does not have to happen every day. After the first intro, refer to the standard where it best helps the students. Doing this enough times and students should be able to identify the focus standard, which aids their understanding of the connections being made. I was impressed with how students at Arsenal New Tech High School in Indianapolis IN were adept at knowing which standards they were addressing.

Lesson Outcomes

Where the Driving Question and the unit outcomes are the framework of the learning home, the lesson outcomes are the bricks that shape the experiences. Posted near the Driving Question, students need to understand what is the focus of “that day’s” focus. It is the anchor for the work and the assessments that occur by the end. Tie the lesson outcomes with the Driving Question so that students know how the lesson’s focus fits into the big picture, so that it’s worth doing.

Need to Know List

Use this protocol at the start of a unit. Keep a copy of the list along with the Driving Question at the front of the class for easy reference. Use it as formative feedback for instructional decisions for Differentiation and to track whole class growth. Refer to it several times a week to check for understanding and to gather more student questions. Learn how to implement this protocol.


Students need to know the key activities and deadlines for the current week. Being aware of these important dates helps present the scope of the work as it fits the larger vision of the unit. It’s best to not show the dates for the future weeks as that’s not relevant to what students need to deal with in the current week.

Global Success Skills Anchor Charts

There are many skills that businesses, universities, and other professions need to successfully thrive in their respective environments. Collaboration, Communication, Critical Thinking, Creativity, Agency, and Self-Management are some that are considered for student development. is a rich resource for these and more skills.

When choosing Global Success Skills, it’s best to choose 1-2 for a unit that will be taught, coached, and assessed. It’s easy to discuss or touch upon a skill, but if it’s not being taught, coached, and assessed, students are not knowingly developing understanding. Once the skills are identified, create an anchor chart that describes the skill in actionable language so students can use for themselves and to manage the success of their teams. Place a copy of the chart on each wall, so that students can use the chart that’s closest to their table group.

Here’s an example:

Collaboration is…

  1. Being a good listener
  2. Helping others
  3. Being dependable with completing tasks
  4. Contributing ideas

Such an anchor chart gives students common language for collaboration. When there are problems they can address the team or team member. During feedback assessments of the team’s level of collaboration, the students can be specific, constructive, and kind.

Checklists, Rubrics, & Key Products/Tasks

Criteria for assessments and descriptions for key tasks are important to share with students. Knowing, helps them to prepare work with a clear understanding of guidelines. But remember—this information is only provided on a “Need to Know Basis.” If the essay is not started until the second week, students do not need to see the rubric and assignment description until the first day they start that work. Posting everything ahead of time becomes a mash of stuff that students will likely tune out, because it’s not important to do at the moment.

Student Learning Wall Guide: Classroom Posting versus Online Posting

Wall space can be a challenge for some for putting up these components for supporting students. The information can be posted on one or two chart papers. This is useful to teachers who have two or more preps. They can quickly put up the chart that is needed for course being taught. Here are some options to consider:

Option One: Post everything in three steps

Place everything on the walls that are closest to where the teacher starts instruction. It’s important that a teacher need only take three steps to address any of the posted information. If the front wall is not available, then use one or both adjacent walls. Avoid using the wall opposite of where the teacher leads instruction. Out of sight is out of mind.

Option Two: Blended Posting

Sometimes wall space is lacking. In this case, part of the Student Learning Wall Guide can be inside the classroom. The rest can be posted in the hallway or online. The non-negotiables are:

  1. Driving Question
  2. Unit and Lesson Outcomes
  3. Need to Know list
  4. Global Success Skills Anchor Charts

The other items need to be available for students to see and/or refer to. All parts can be online, but the list above also needs to be present in the classroom as they can be used frequently each day for teachable learning moments.

Some may think that this is a lot of work, but the information is already present in one’s unit. What’s needed is to make these public and easily accessible for learners. The result is greater awareness and support of students—having the big picture is a good development of Student Voice.

Check out this photo gallery of Student Learning Walls

These are examples by teachers who are learning and growing with their development of Student Voice.

Formative Assessments for Innovative Instruction & Learning


Assessment is a major topic that teachers discuss when implementing innovative instruction, such as PBL or Authentic Learning Experiences (ALE). When the PBL/ALE unit starts at the beginning of your instruction, students do better. Makes your use of assessment stronger. PBL/ALE “after” a unit is dessert, which makes learning difficult. Here are some sources for formative assessment ideas:

Networks for Gamification Resources


Professional Learning Network

ISTE has a good group that focuses on Gamification called Games & Simulations Network. ISTE members get access to emails regarding the ongoing conversations in the forum. It is a wealth of information that helps practice and innovation in this area. It’s worth becoming an ISTE member just for this resource, but there is much more.

Networking & Learning Collaboration

Consider following on Twitter:

Here are rich opportunities to have ongoing conversations with other educators who, like you and me, are exploring the use of Gamification and Game-based Learning to engage students into deep substantive learning, while having fun 🙂

Starting Place

The site that I like the most is: Badgeville.
Best place to think about gamifying lessons and units. It provides a wealth of ideas about different elements a teacher can pick from to customize the gaming experience for their students. Besides badges, consider use of experience points and levels. Turn major assessments into Boss rounds after students have accumulated enough experience points (practice) to level up for the showdown.
I teach an online course on Gamification for Dell and MI TRIG. Registration is free to Michigan Teachers. (Registration) Come check it out.
Here are other articles on this topic:

Mythbusting Differentiation: Solutions to Make Differentiation a Reality

Debunk myths that make differentiation seem impractical and impossible. Differentiation is more than strategies and more practical than a pedagogical ideal. Here is a companion post to my presentation for the ASCD Conference. This article and the list of referenced articles at the end debunk myths about Differentiation with solutions that offer success to diverse learners under challenging conditions. My book addresses these challenges and more: So ALL Can Learn: A Practical Guide to Differentiation.

Order at: R&L | Amazon | Amazon Kindle | Barnes & Noble| Amazon UK


Be empowered to make real change through differentiation.

Is Differentiation just too difficult?

One of the biggest illusions is that Differentiation can’t be done under the conditions that many teachers find themselves with various challenges, such as class size, shorten time, and curriculum constraints—just to name a few. Yet the reality is that differentiation happens all the time.

Differentiation occurs during lessons when a teacher answers questions from individual students to help them understand the content and skills, provide different choices for how work can be done, or change instruction in the middle of the lesson because too many learners are either not understanding, or already know the content. In-the-moment support is Intuitive differentiation.

Like a practitioner of a martial arts school or an RPG gamer, Differentiation has many levels of complexity and skills. Intuitive practice is the beginning level. The next levels of growth relates to Intentional Differentiation, which is where pre-planning occurs. Teachers analyze students’ needs based on assessment data, and craft learning experiences that meet their needs.

What research supports Differentiation?

When looking a wide body of research about Differentiation, it’s best to focus on systems and structures that collect and use data to inform how best to meet the needs of learners. Some include

  1. Response to Intervention
  2. Guided Reading
  3. Assessment For Learning

Another place to look are researched strategies that have an impact on improving learning. Consider the 9 Strategies from Classroom Strategies that Work. Each of the 9 strategies can be differentiated based on the needs of learner groups and individuals.

  1. Identifying Similarities and Differences
    Use charts to compare and classify, i.e. Venn Diagram & Comparison Matrix, or create metaphors.
  2. Summarizing and Note Taking
    • Use oral or written summaries, or a combination via Think-Pair-Write. Craft images or diagrams (nonlinguistic representations) that capture the key ideas.
    • Teach 3 forms of note taking, and allow students to choose the one they prefer.
  3. Reinforcing Effort and Providing Recognition
    • Maintain learning portfolios that students use to reflect on their growth based on academic criteria.
    • Use Growth Mindset language to encourage students via their achievements and growth.
  4. Homework and Practice
    Provide purposeful practice as homework that addresses specific needs of students for academic growth. Homework is leveled to each student’s skill level needs.
  5. Nonlinguistic Representations
    Use a combination of images and words, such as with Frayer Model and chunking videos with questions via and
  6. Cooperative Learning
    Create groups where everyone can contribute to the learning, i.e. Learning Profile Cards, Clock and Elbow Partners, Critique & Reflection, Fishbowl
  7. Setting Objectives and Providing Feedback
    Need to Know activity, K-W-L, Student-led Feedback groups, Gallery Walks, “Be Specific, Constructive, & Kind”, “I like…, I wonder…, & What if…”
  8. Generating and Testing Hypotheses
    Work in cooperative or collaborative groups, explore labs, scenarios, and case studies that are tiered to different readiness groups of students.
  9. Cues, Questions, and Advance Organizers
    Use a variety of advance organizers, or provide a advance organizer pre-filled to different levels based on the needs of students, coach students on the Question Formulation Technique, practice both “wait” time and “think” time.

Are Learning Preferences relevant for learning, if they even exist?

Sit in any classroom lesson or professional development. It becomes obvious that people have preferences for how they learn. Depending on the mode(s) of instruction used, watch for who is focused and engaged. Also notice who are not. People’s engagement can shift through the course of a lesson or activity.

How we provide experiences that incorporate ways of processing and understanding content and skills is crucial to meeting the goal of all students learning. How we include learners in the conversation and task formations acknowledges the preferences of our students.

There are many approaches and inventories to choose from. Cross-train by using at least two approaches for collecting data about learners—such as Robert Sternberg’s Triarchic Theory and Meyrs & Briggs. This form of planning ensures that students are not identified as having only one learning preference, when the reality is far more diverse. Consider strategies like Learning Profile Cards as start to incorporating the Interests and preferences that students have about their learning.

Explore ways to provide learning experiences that address concepts in multiple ways based on learning preferences. For example, Frayer Model, Thinkdots, Task Cards, and Learning Menus.

There is no time to Differentiate?

Time is an interesting challenge. Most educators who raise the issue of time also express strong agreement that differentiation is important for learning. If all students should learn and grow is a a priority, but is lost in the feeling that there is not time to implement, then how is time used? One answer is teacher-led instruction where the educator ensures that curriculum is covered within the limited time. We all feel that conflict of getting across content inside a time frame that feels too short. Yet, just because something is “taught” or covered, does not mean that the students learned.

Stephen Covey’s habit of Put 1st Things 1st represents the need to identify what is important and then prioritize it. This is best illustrated in the jar of rocks analogy.


Short term investment, which may take more up front time, can pay long lasting dividends in the deeper learning that the students experience. If we agree that Differentiation should become a real priority that is implemented, then there are ways to begin the process.

  • Use frequently “wait” time and “think” time so that students have needed time to process understanding.
  • Implement learning stations both physical structures for movement and virtual experiences for more accesses to resources.
  • Use learning profile cards for thoughtful grouping of students around tasks.

Who should control learning?

The answer is obvious: Student. The means to enabling students to be in “full” control relies on teachers willingly giving up control. This is a difficult move when teachers are held accountable for student achievement. Consider the previous statement. Teachers can not take the student assessments for which they may be evaluated by. My nature of students taking those assessments places the teacher’s fate into the learner’s hands. Why not give students overt control of their learning by including them in how they process, explore, and demonstrate what they understand and do not understand? In sports, effective coaches build a team’s confidence to run the game plans on the field. Successful teams understand how to adapt and change as needed to counter the moves of their opponents. The coach can call time outs and offer suggestions, but it’s the players who execute. The same can be said of students.

Teachers design the sandboxes, and can let students create their own inner spaces. Standards and curriculum are the frames that teachers use to structure learning so that students feel supported to participate. Include students in determining how some activities will take shape. Having them participate in authentic learning experiences for deeper engagement as the work becomes real world and purposeful. In some learning centers, the students help create their own sandbox or design an entire beach.

There are other myths about Differentiation

The best way to face them is to remember that assessments tell what students know and do not know; also the shed light on what students need. Once it’s known what students need to grow, then how we choose to act in meeting those needs requires differentiation.

Consider these articles for extended exploration of making Differentiation Real: